This Day In History: September 11
1226 – The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.
1609 – Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the natives living there.
1773 – The Public Advertiser publishes a satirical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One, which is written by Benjamin Franklin.
1776 – British-American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolution.
1777 – American Revolution: Battle of Brandywine – The British celebrate a major victory in Chester County, Pennsylvania
1786 – The Beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
1789 – Alexander Hamilton is appointed as the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men break into the house used to store the jewels.
1813 – British troops arrive in Mount Vernon and prepare to march to Washington D.C. to invade it.
1857 – The Mountain Meadows Massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
1906 – Mahatma Gandhi coins the term “Satyagraha” to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
1922 – The British Mandate of Palestine begins.
# 1940 – World War II: Buckingham Palace is damaged during a German air raid.
1941 – Ground is broken for the construction of The Pentagon. World War II: The U.S. Navy is ordered to attack German U-boats. Charles Lindberg’s Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and the Roosevelt administration of pressing for war with Germany.
1960 – The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement.
1961 – Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.
1970 – 88 of the hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings are released. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
1973 – A CIA backed coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected President Salvador Allende. Pinochet remains in power for almost 17 years.
1982 – The international forces that were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel’s 1982 Invasion of Lebanon leave Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees are massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1987 – Dan Rather walks off the set of the CBS Evening News over disapproval of the handling of a major event being interrupted and postponed by a sports program, leaving six minutes of dead air.
1990 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait, which Iraq had recently invaded.
1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
2001 – The September 11 attacks take place in the United States. Airplane hijackings result in the collapse of the World Trade Center in New York City, destruction of the western portion of The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and a passenger airliner crash in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
2005 – The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.