Equipment

Even though modern technology  has improved bush craft techniques as well as your chances of survival, do not become dependent on it. When one becomes dependent on their gear it creates a false sense of security which will only set you up for disaster when that technology is no longer accessible. Your goal  is to become completely self sufficient using only your ingenuity as the tool which you use to manipulate your surroundings, view using your gear only as a means to make up for your lack of knowledge ad experience until you become more proficient at bush craft.

That being said, modern disasters such as war,revolutions, and martial law do require you to use technology to successfully survive or even in some cases fightback.  For starters you will need to know what gear to buy, where do I put it, and how do I use it; and where do I go with all these things.  Three key points to remember while putting together your survival pack are one- PACK ONLY WHAT YOU NEED, two- PACK LIGHT, and three- DO NOT SACRIFICE FOOD WEIGHT FOR EXTRA AMMUNITION  AND GUNS.

There are basically two types of survival packs which you can create to meet a wide array of emergencies.  A “72 hour bug-out bag ” for a quick  bailout with enough supplies to basically survive for 72hours comfortably, and a “D-Day pack” which is intended for the day when the Shit hits the fan a.k.a. Doomsday.

-72-Hour Bug-Out Bag-

The focus of this bag  is  evacuation rather than long-term survival being only with supplies to last 72-hours, hence the name “bug-out bag”. This bag  in addition to allowing one to survive a disaster evacuation,  may also be utilized when reacting to emergencies such as blackouts, natural disasters, and martial law.Though this bag manly contains  items one would require to survive for seventy two hours, it can be packed with tools for long term use. This bag should be packed with the idea of keeping it as light as possible.

Here are the basics to to constructing a Bug-out Bag modified to also deal with possible long term surivial.

  • Backpack- M.O.L.L.E.or  A.L.I.C.E. pack
  • A disaster plan including location of emergency centers, rallying points, possible evacuation routes, as well as a map of the city/state/ or country you live in
  • Literature on what to do in various types of disasters
  • Firearm and Ammo- a pistol or assualt rifle(depending where you want to keep the bag) with at least a 100rounds.
  • MRE or Dry Freeze rations/30 day supply of multi-vitamins
  • Katadyn Vario water micro filter/Micropur MP-1 tablets
  • ECWCS (Extended Cold Weather Clothing System) generation 3
  • Combat or Hiking boots w/ Merino Wool socks
  • Merino SmartWool undergarments/ gloves/ ski mask
  • Full tang Fixed blade- falkniven f1
  • Gransfor small forest axe
  • Lockpick set
  • Fire starting Tools: Ultimate Survival Blast Match Fire Starter,Firesteel (Armagedon size)Doan Magnesium stick, and a Windmill Ligther
  • First Aide Kit
  • LED flashlight
  • Emergency Radio with hand crank feature
  • Ecotant multi-purpose Gen. IV tent
  • G.I. Ripstop Poncho w/ Poncho linear
  • Steel GI canteen w/  canteen cup
  • Cammenga 3H  Lensatic compass
  • toitletries
  • Cash and coinage– for when electronic transfers may not be a option


-D-DAY PACK

Unlike the bug out bag this is actually more than just a pack, it is  a complete setup from head to toe with a combine weight of well over 50 pounds of gear which you will disperse over your body and in your A.L.I.C.E. pack .( note: this is not impossible, American soldiers carry just as much and sometimes even more, this setup is very demanding on the body and mind. you must be in top physical shape to carry this burden ) This setup is intended for when the is no turning back, once you put this setup on this is pretty much all you have left to live off for who knows how long in anywhere from tropic jungles to arctic weather. The most extreme of disasters such as the fall of civilization and war are the situations this setup targets specifically.

  • RUCKSACK/BUTT PACK/ LOAD BEARING VEST/BELT/POUCHES

Rucksack- This aside from your own skills and your knife is the key component to this setup. Everybody argues that this bag is better than the other, military gear over civilian, so forth and so forth.  Regardless of what pack you choose there are  a few important  factors that you must take into consideration when selecting your pack-durability, comfort, frame type, cost, and load capacity. We recommend a Large LC-2  A.L.I.C.E. Pack setup with the quick releases due to its proven durability with the U.S.A. military for over 50years, somewhat comfortable setup ( you can add additional padding), easily accessible pockets,  having an  external frame for better air circulation on your back,  low cost,  load capacity up to abut 90pounds, and having a wide array of add-ons. The only cons are that though the material of the sack is waterproof the pocket setup is not ( you will need to line the insides with either heavy duty trash bags, a A.L.I.C.E. pack liner, or individually bag everything), and how hard it may be to spot an authentic pack; for the market is flooded with cheap imatations. But here is a helpful guides along with facts that will help you make the right choice. One other thing to consider when purchasing any military setup like the A.L.I.C.E. or MOLLE, once you buy that pack you can only buy a vest,buttpack, or pouches that correspond with that setup.

Vest- The vest is where you will house most of your equipment that you need to access on the go  as well as attaching to your buttpack and utility belt. Recommendation: LC-2 load bearing vest

Buttpack- The buttpack is where you will store your tent along with other second priority equipment. recommendation: SPEC.-OPS.™ S. O. B.– SOLDIER’S OPTIMIZED BUTTPACK

Belt- LC-2 pistol belt

PouchesAny pouch with A.l.I.C.E. clips will do. Must haves are the Cordura® lining LC-2 Canteen pouch ( only @ www.eagleindustries.com), two Compass vest pouches,  and Multi-use/Ammo pouches corresponding to your weapon


  • Weapons of choice:

Primary Any robust  and accurate assault weapon in .223, 7.62 x 39, or any other widely  used caliber throughout the military and public attached with a CQB two-point OR three-point sling.  i.e—-Ak-47 ( Bulgarian SA-93 or SLR-95, Egyptian Maddi, Hungarian SA-85M ),  VZ -58AR-15

SecondaryAny robust and accurate pistol in 9mm, 45ACP, or any other widely used caliber throughout the military and pubic to be placed in any tactical leg holster . i.e.—-Glock 17 or 21, Colt 1911, Para-Ordnance ‘1911 or hawg family” types, Springfield XDs

(optional) Rifle- This rifles primary purpose serves as a hunting rifle so any high caliber accurate rifle with a scope  and sling will suffice. i.e.— Springfield ’03, M40A1 types

NOTE: you must also get a holster for your pistol(either on the belt or leg) as well as mag pouches or bag to hold your assault weapon’s mags.

  • AMMUNITION

NO MORE THAN 390rds(13  30rds mags )for the primary , and  7 mags for theSecondary. Here are some suggestions for brand and type of round by caliber:

9mm: Federal Premium Hydro-Shoc 124gr or Winchester Black Talon                                                         7.62 x 39: Golden Tiger or Silver Bear                                                                                                                      223: steel core

  • MAGS/CLIPS

It is always best to try to use manufacturer mags/clips rather than cheap imitations. Here is some suggestions for brand of mags.

AK-47 types: Bulgarian polymer waffle pattern mags

  • KNIVES

Stay away from any Rambo looking knife or any so called “survival” knives with hollow handles and built in compasses, also a trench knife doesn’t help you unless you are in trench warfare. The best type of knives are “full-tang” because of the strength and quality they offer. The four types of knives you will need are divided into bushcraft, primary( a large  multi-use knife),folding( a small folding knife to work on threading and other delicate tasks), and hunting( skinning,gutting, cutting game). Here are our recommendations (all with leather sheaths):

Bushcraft: Fallkniven F1

Primary: Fallkniven A2

Folding: Fallkniven U2

(optional) Hunting: Fallkniven H1

  • Backpacking boots- these is very well the second key component of your equipment, for not having a good sturdy pair of boots will result in complete failure unless you plan to run around barefoot and with only the clothes on your back. Though everyone  argues that this brand is better than the next, don’t waste your time getting caught in that mess. Instead look for a boot that meets all the qualifications of greatness, which are the same no matter what brand it is. Remember this though when you finally decide to buy one: until you are fimilar with hiking boots DO NOT BUY YOUR FIRST PAIR   WITHOUT TRYING THEM ON FIRST!! that’s means do go out and buy what looks good on the internet, boot sizes run different from sneaker sizes not to mention sometimes different from other boot brands. Also make sure you to buy your boots a little bigger than your size because you will be wearing thick or multiple socks, the best way to get a good fit is to try on the boots while wearing the socks you instead to be using while you are hiking. Finally remember to break your new boots in for a good couple weeks before taking them out on the trail for the first time, otherwise you will get the worst blisters you have ever had. Here is a link to great website that describe the essentials of a god pair of backpacking boots:

http://www.hikingwithchuck.com/Gear/HikingBootPartsConstruction.htm

  • Socks

Rag Wool-Ragg Wool has been in use well before hiking boots were even invented and  still is the classic choice of fiber for backpackers’ socks. Ragg wool  is still one of the best for the way it wicks moisture away from the foot, keeping the foot much more comfortable. The main problem with Ragg wool is that many people are  unfortunately allergic to wool.

Merino Wool- Merino Wool is my favorite choice for socks. High quality merino wool has all of the good characteristics of Ragg wool without the problems.  I recommend the SmartWool brand for their superior quality of the fiber as well as the construction of the sock.

Liners-Polypropylene is primarily used in liners (thin socks worn under the thicker main socks).Their  purpose is to wick moisture away from the skin and out to the main sock, where it is dispersed. Liners can also reduce friction between the foot and the boot not to mention that if your boots are a little big, liners can fill in some of the extra space so your foot doesn’t slide around.

  • Clothing- One word will take care of most of your clothing needs- ECWCS (Extended Cold Weather Clothing System) generation 3 . It consist of seven layers of clothing that can cope with any kind of climate except Tropic and Desert, this setup is pricey but well worth it. To compliment your ECWCS setup you should also pack a set of durable civilan clothes, so that you don’t always have to be walking around in BDUs.

Undergarments- buy Merino SmartWool brand for everything from underwear to socks.

Gloves and Mittens- 100% Wool G.I. gloves and mittens are good for first level of protection, but you will also need a pair of extreme cold mittens. I recommend this brand: http://www.bergans.no/sider_eng/start_produkter.asp

Skimask/Scarfs/Neck gaiters- Again Merino SmartWool brand for the first layer skimask and neck gaiter. 100% Wool G.I. scarf will do and a Wool/acrylic outer layer ski mask will suffice.

(Optional) A lighter Pair of combat boots– Those backpacking boots are great for trekking through the rough terrain, but when in a urban landscape or when there is no need to lug around your A.L.I.C.E. pack then it would be a better choice to run/walk in a sturdy pair of combat boots, Bates is a good brand.

  • Compasses–  There are two types of compasses which you will use to properly navigate on a topographic map(base compass)  as well as  by sight (sighting compass).

Base compass: Sunnto M-3D compass

Sighting compass: Cammenga 3H  Lensatic compass

Backup(optional): Bruton 15tDCL

  • Katadyn Vario water micro filter, (backup) Katadyn Pocket Water filter w/ xtra filters
  • Micropur MP-1 tablets
  • Nylon Thread repair kit
  • Fire starting Tools: Ultimate Survival Blast Match Fire Starter,Firesteel (Armagedon size)Doan Magnesium stick, and a Windmill Ligther
  • Saws: Saber cut saw, Sven 21″collapsable saw
  • LED flashlight
  • MRE or Dry Freeze rations/30 day supply of multi-vitamins
  • Speed hook fishing snare/ snare kit
  • Ecotant multi-purpose Gen. IV tent
  • First Aide Kithere is a great link on what to include in your aide kit: http://www.survival-center.com/guide/firstade.htm
  • “Green Head” Bug spray
  • 8×30 Steiner Binoculars
  • a straight razor(for shaving)
  • a military watch
  • map of the country and continent you live in ( a topography map preferably)
  • Sunglasses
  • a couple of  instructional survival books ( for those less experienced)
  • heavy duty trash bags and smaller plastic bags– to keep your gear in your rucksack waterproof
  • Toiletries
  • Stainless Steel G.I. mess kit w/ utensils
  • a harmonica – to keep you company

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